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Types of Wooden Frames for
Board and Plywood

Types of Wooden Frames for Doors and Windows

Importance of Frames

The primary job of a frame is to seal around and provide support to the entire system. It guards and holds the pane or any material inside it. The frame sizes the breadth of the wall and holds the object in a place. It also adds an aesthetic sense.

Different frames serve different purposes. Its strength and durability affect the longevity of the door and window. Exterior and interior frames usually have different properties, as the frames that are used outside will have to face different weather elements as compared to the interior ones.

Frame holds the window and the door into the wall of a building and acts as a boundary between them and the wall. They are important for levelling & support, hinging & closing, and locking & protection.

Parts of a Door & Window Frame

The frame that surrounds the door is called a jamb in common and is made up of three separate pieces.

  • The horizontal piece above is called Head with two grooves into which the door jamb fits. (Head/upper jamb/lintel)
  • The horizontal piece below the door is called the Sill or threshold. It protects the door from water and gives rigidity to the frame.
  • The vertical long pieces on the sides of the door and window are called Door Stops. They are the tiny strips of wood that hold the door to its hinges.

Jambs or legs or hinge jamb are the vertically running pieces to which the hinges are attached.

DOOR FRAME

They are of two types. The internal door frames called the door linings are usually open frames. They aren’t sturdy as external ones. And the external is called closed frames.

It is the jamb that surrounds the door creating a frame into which it sits. The two vertical frames are called the side jambs and the horizontal is referred to as the head jamb. The door once hung in the wall frame is the one that solely holds it, and a door frame can be made load bearing too.

Different Materials used in Doors & Windows Frames

Hollow metal doors and frames are popular in government buildings like police stations, banks, and factory settings that require strong protection. They provide less chance of breaking or denting. It can be easily customized and are naturally lightweight to use. Hollow metal frames are a bit expensive but will save your money in the long run.

Vinyl (uPVC) window frames are the most affordable and maintenance-free. The color options are limitless. Its quality is based on the additive used and has super insulator qualities. Vinyl frames are extremely energy-efficient, lightweight, and least expensive

Composite frames have good moisture resistance and can be used in all exposure types as they neither absorb moisture nor rot. Has high thermal resistance than wood, minimum maintenance, and is an effective insulator.

Different Woods Used in Wooden Frames:

Frames, in general, are mostly made of wood by-products. There are numerous varieties in them. Wooden window frames act as high effective insulators.

Composite frames have good moisture resistance and can be used in all exposure types as they neither absorb moisture nor rot. Has high thermal resistance than wood, minimum maintenance, and is an effective insulator.

Wood clad frames have the outer portion of a frame made with strong weather-resistant material like aluminium or vinyl with an exciting wooden interior. Low maintenance with high insulation value.

The most common variety of wood used in India for window and door frames are as follows:
TEAK- for its versatility, durability, and ease of maintenance.

RED SAL/MERANTY WOOD- used for its strength, pest, fungus, and water resistant.

MERBAU/HONNE WOOD- stronger than teak wood, easy to work upon with smooth finishes.

Also, other woods like Indian Mahogany, the teak from different regions, Pine, Cedar, MDF, and Oak can be used. In general, wooden frames are sealed with adequate sealants, so maintenance is never a problem. Also, the wood must be selected as to whether frame for door and window is used interior, exterior or in main doors.

Benefits of using Wooden Frames:

Wood is the most preferred type of material for frames as it is easy to shape, cut, paint, and join using simple hand tools.

  • Wooden frames give a warm look but require maintenance.
  • They naturally have high resistance and if treated correctly, they remain unaffected by differences in temperature.
  • It requires regular dusting and adequate cleansing with soap and warm water.
  • Wood does not rot, crack, and less prone to condensation.
  • They give an earthy look and feel and are eco-friendly.
  • It is easy and cheap to maintain.
  • They are naturally bad conductors of electricity and heat.
  • By using quality timber that can sustain particular geographical condition, wooden frame lasts long.
  • They give a perfect finish and can be fitted to any architectural design and requirements.
  • Wooden beading is used to fix any joints and masonry problems in a frame.
  • It is easy to add, remove, alter, polish, and paint.
  • Wooden frames are well resistant to air and wind.
  • They have a comparatively lesser number of joints in the shutter and frame when compared to other materials like metal.

If you still cannot decide on the type of wooden frame for your windows and doors, reach out to us for your personal assistance. Hanuman Wood Industries will help you find your best choice. .

Average Cost of Wooden Frames:

Internal door frames are sold as separate parts whereas external door frames are ready-assembled door frames and are usually expensive. The cost of wooden door frames varies in regard to the door type and to repair or replace.

Material Door Frame (INR) Window Frame (INR)
WPC/PVC 1000.00 onwards 1000.00 onwards
ECP 2500.00 onwards 2000.00 onwards
Teak Wood 3000.00 onwards 2500.00 onwards
Merbau/Honne Wood 2500.00 onwards 1500.00 onwards
Sal Wood 2000.00 onwards 1000.00 onwards
Neem Wood 1800.00 onwards 1000.00 onwards
Steam Beech Wood 2000.00 onwards 1000.00 onwards
Engineered Wood 1500.00 onwards 800.00 onwards
Pine 1000.00 onwards 700.00 onwards

Conclusion:

Wooden frames are naturally attractive and provide an aesthetically pleasing look in the building. They are available in various shades with different accents, finishes, and textures. It is important to install frames with precision. Disproportionate frames will not close properly and seal the entrance.

If you still cannot decide on the type of wooden frame for your windows and doors, reach out to us for your personal assistance. Hanuman Wood Industries will help you find your best choice. .

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