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Difference between particle
board and plywood

Difference between Particle Board and Plywood

Particle Board

Particle board is made by heat pressing the waste-wood products like wood chips or jute-stick, sawmill shavings, sawdust with an adhesive together. Compression is applied to the liquid mixture so that the wood chips are evenly distributed, and the chips are parallel to the surface. In the flat-pressed practical board, the chips in the surface layer are usually thin, and that makes the surface part dense and compact than the middle part of the particle board.

In order to make the particle board fireproof, insect-proof, and water-resistant, certain chemical agents like used dyes, wax, wetting, and release agents are used. A suitable or synthetic resin is used to make it strong. Particle boards are otherwise called Chipboards.

Veneered particle board is preferred over veneered plywood boards in dry areas because of its lower cost, stability, and convenience.

Use of Particle board

Particle boards are used in numerous ways because of their light and evenly distributed chip arrangement.

Advantages & Disadvantages

Particle board has both pros and cons based on its density and the type of adhesive used.



Grade & Classes

Particle board has both pros and cons based on its density and the type of adhesive used.

Based on the property, particle board is classified into 7 different classes. It is determined based on the pan-European SFS-EN 312 standard and is indicated by the letter ‘P’ and a number. The density of Particle board varies between 650 and 750 kg/m3

When it comes to classes, P3, P5 & P7 boards are resistant to moisture and comes under user class two. Whereas P1, P2, P4 & P6 come under user class one and be used for most interior use.

Advantages & Disadvantages

Though plywood looks like real wood, it also has advantages and disadvantages.



Grades & classes

The plywood grade is based on the type of wood ply (sheets) used, the number of layers, the type of adhesive, and its manufacturing process. Still, it can be graded as

Lower grade plywood is great for subflooring and higher grade is the best for cabinets and shelving.

Veneer plywood (FU) is used in indoor wall cladding places and is not intended to bear heavy loads. Whereas construction veneer plywood (BFU) has a high load-bearing capacity and is used for stiffening. FC Brand is moisture-resistant whereas FSF grade withstands increased moisture.

Based on the European standards, there are 3 main categories as

Grades of Plywood:

Some common types of plywood grades available in India are MR Grade, BWR Grade, BWP Grade


BWR Grade

BWP Grade:

Film Faced Shuttering Ply

Ply Boards/Block Boards

Significant Difference between Particle board and Plywood

Bootstrap Example
Particle board Plywood
Adhesive Use Type of adhesive determines its quality and strength Plywood quality and strength are mostly based on the type of resin.
Smoothness It is smoother and easily allows decorative & other laminates in. The cross-grain structure doesn’t allow the decorative laminates in.
Holding nails Its soft and brittle structure of wood chips makes it easy and may split or break. It holds screws and nails tight and does not break easily.
Durability It is quite weak. It is highly durable.
Resin Emission High Extremely Low
Eco-friendly Particle board doesn’t require fresh timber. It requires fresh timber.
Budget-friendly It is cheap and quite popular for interior use. It is a bit expensive.
Resistance It has low resistance to everything and loses its properties after a time. It is resistive naturally and can be treated to increase it.
Lighter Material Particle board is very light that it cannot bear weight. It is light weighted and is easy to carry, still maintaining its strength.
Composition It is made of wood waste and resin. It is made of thin sheets of wood and resin.
Finish It looks smooth and flat when stained and lacquered. It has rough fibers that have to be sanded.

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